Hormone Pills to Get Pregnant
Hormonal disturbances are the commonest cause of infertility. Fortunately, myriads of hormonal treatments exist to treat infertility and to assist in conception. These hormonal treatments are the primary therapeutic modality for infertility and are quite effective.
Some of these hormonal treatments include drugs that either mimic or counteract the action of natural fertility regulating hormones. Others are recombinant hormones that can be injected into the body. Following are some of the most commonly used hormonal treatments for infertility.
Clomiphene is one the first-line drugs for infertility in females. It works by regulating ovulation in women with ovulation abnormalities. It is basically a selective estrogen receptor modulator (SERM) and works by blocking the action of the female hormone estrogen at specific receptors.
Human Chorionic Gonadotropin (hCG)
Human Chorionic Gonadotropin (hCG) that is normally produced by the placental cells. Injections of recombinant hCG stimulate the ovaries to release the egg and thus, induce ovulation.
Follicle Stimulating Hormone (FSH)
This hormone is released by the pituitary gland and triggers the release of egg (ovulation) in females and causes the production of sperms in males, thereby improving the fertility.
Human Menopausal Gonadotropin (hMG)
This hormone causes the release of both follicle stimulating hormone (FSH) and luteinizing hormone (LH) from the pituitary gland. In females, this results in ovulation. In males, it leads to sperm development and maturity.
Gonadotropin Releasing Hormone (GnRH)
Gonadotropin Releasing Hormone (GnRH) is a hormone that is normally produced by the hypothalamus in the brain and travels to pituitary to release FSH and LH. Injectable form of GnRh mediates the same actions.
Gonadotropin Releasing Hormone (GnRH) Agonists
GnRH Agonists are the drugs that copy the actions of GnRH in the body and exert the same actions-release of FSH and LH, the fertility improving hormones. Some of the commonly used GnRH agonists include Leuprolide, Goserelin and Buserelin etc.
Gonadotropin Releasing Hormone (GnRH) Antagonists
These drugs counteract GnRh in the body and block its action. In males, this is done to treat infertility caused by cancers that are under the influence of testosterone to reduce the growth of the cancers.
In females, these drugs aid women undergo in vitro fertilization (IVF) treatment for fertility improvement. It helps by blocking early release of LH and to prevent premature ovulation.